Special Feature

ANALYSIS REPORT FOR THE EVENTS MONITORED (CY 2012)

For year 2012, the HEMS Operation Center was able to monitor a total of one thousand three hundred ninety-four (1,394) events. These events were classified according to its magnitude (minor event, major event and disaster). Most of the events monitored were classified as minor, with a total of 1,383 events, while there were 6 major events and 5 disastrous events monitored for year 2012. The monitored major and disaster events are listed below:

MAJOR EVENTS (6)

  • Landslide in Compostela Valley, January 2012
  • Typhoid Fever Outbreak in Tuburan, Cebu, March 2012
  • Fire incident in Montilla Boulevard, Butuan City, May 2012
  • Cholera Outbreak in Virac, Catanduanes, June 2012
  • Tropical Storm OFEL, October 2012
  • Tropical Storm QUINTA, December 2012

DISASTERS (5)

  • Earthquake in Region V, VI, VII, X, AND CARAGA, February 2012
  • Typhoon GENER, July 2012
  • Tropical Storm HELEN, August 2012
  • Southwest Monsoon affecting Regions I, III, IV-A, IV-B, NCR VI, XII and ARMM, August 2012
  • Typhoon PABLO, December 2012

Events monitored are further classified according to their nature such as natural, technological, biological, societal and special event. The pie chart below shows the percentage of the events monitored in each category for year 2012.

The graph below shows the number of the events monitored per month based on its classification.

A. 2012 EVENTS MONITORED (according to magnitude)

This graph shows that most of the events monitored by HEMS-OpCen per month were minor events.

 B. 2012 EVENTS MONITORED (according to the nature of event)

This graph shows that most of the events monitored per month by HEMS-OpCen were natural and technological in nature.

 Most of the events monitored for 2012 were natural events (48%) with earthquake (552 incidents) as the top reported event. This is followed by technological events (44%) mostly fire incidents (367 incidents) and vehicular accidents (115 incidents). The pie chart below shows the top five incidents monitored for year 2012.

Note that the percentage of earthquake incidents monitored were merely half of the total number of events monitored for the whole year. This may be attributed to the presence of PHIVOLCS website that can be accessed by anyone anytime to check for any earthquakes that occurred within the day. The website has been a great help for the Emergency Officers on Duty in monitoring earthquakes apart from what the radios and televisions monitored and reported. On the other hand, fire incidents have been rampant for the whole year having its peak during the months of April and May. This may be attributed to the hot weather during the summer season. Vehicular accidents (land) was noticeably high during the months were people go home to their respective provinces for vacation and went back again to Manila such as the months of May, June, July and November. Weather disturbances peaked from the months of June to September as what the PAGASA has declared to be the rainy season. The chart below shows the distribution of the top five events monitored per month.

For CY 2012, NCR has the most number of events monitored (355 out of 1,394 events). Most events monitored were technological in nature, mostly fire incidents (286 out of 355 events). CARAGA on the other hand, has the most number of natural events monitored which comprise mostly of earthquakes. Societal events which are mostly explosion incidents was noted to be high in the regions of XII and ARMM which may be attributed to the continuous armed conflict and terrorist attacks in the said regions. Societal events are highest in Metro Manila but these are mainly due to mass gatherings such as rallies, fun run and alike. The chart below shows the distribution of the events monitored per region.

The chart below shows the number of events monitored by the HEMS Operation Center from 2007 to 2012.

Note that from 2007 to 2012, monitored events by HEMS-OPCEN continued to increase per year. This may be attributed to the following:

  1. Presence of protocols such as the Monitoring, Verification, and Classification Protocol and the Reporting Protocol which guides the Emergency Officers on Duty on what events to be monitored and how it will be reported
  2. Presence of A.O on Reporting which clearly discusses the events to be monitored by the Operation Center
  3. Increased number of monitoring Operations Center in different CHDs in reference to the ___ in Establishing an Operation Center
  4. Presence and increase in the number of news websites and government websites which provides real time data that can be retrieved anytime by their web visitors
  5. Presence of directories/ contact numbers of different agencies and those within the Department of Health
  6. Active monitoring by the Emergency Officers on Duty

Time is an important element to have quality information as such the HEMS-Operation Center aims for a 100% events monitored on time. The chart below shows the number of events monitored on time versus the delayed events monitored for CY 2012.

It has been observed that delayed events monitored happen because there were no reports coming from the Centers for Health Development (CHD) apart from there is also delayed reports from the media. Most of the time the Emergency Officers on Duty inform the CHD Coordinators for the events monitored. The following steps might be considered to prevent the occurrence of delayed events in the HEARS report.

  1. Intensify monitoring of events in all forms of media by having an updated schedule of all news in televisions and radio stations that will be viewed by the Emergency Officers on Duty as scheduled. Growing number of newspaper websites would be also of great use. Possibility of engaging to social media such as Twitter can be also explored as what the different agencies of the government such as NDRRMC, PAGASA, PHIVOLCS, and alike have already done.
  2. Encourage and help the Centers for Health Development in establishing their Operations Center. Active monitoring and surveillance of the CHDs would be of great help.  Also, the CHDs must be guided on what events to be monitored and how they will report the events using the HEMS templates. Scheduling orientation or field visits to the CHDs can be a way of helping them. Strengthening the networking system of the CHDs is of great importance.

   Presence and increase in the number of news websites and government websites which provides real time data that can be retrieved anytime by their web visitors

  1. Presence of directories/ contact numbers of different agencies and those within the Department of Health
  2. Active monitoring by the Emergency Officers on Duty

Time is an important element to have quality information as such the HEMS-Operation Center aims for a 100% events monitored on time. The chart below shows the number of events monitored on time versus the delayed events monitored for CY 2012.

 

 

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